The influence of genetic biases on the evolution, universal properties and diversity of speech and language

The influence of genetic biases on the evolution

Viewing language as a complex cultural evolutionary system has greatly advanced our understanding of some fundamental questions concerning its biological bases, cognitive implementation, universal tendencies and the spatio-temporal patterning of linguistic diversity.

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Are Languages Really Independent from Genes? If …

speech requires a set of special—but not necessarily language-specific—genetic factors. At the most specific level, that of the individual’s development (ontogeny)

Veröffentlicht in:Human Biology · 2011Autoren:Dan DediuZugehörigkeit: Max Planck SocietyÜber:Genetics · Language change · Language acquisition

Restrictions on biological adaptation in language evolution

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Note, however, that if the genetic influence g is sufficiently high to lead to the Baldwin effect (i.e., high enough to outweigh the influence of language change), g also is sufficiently high to determine language structure even in the absence of language-driven genetic selection . Specifically, the degree and direction of language change remain …

Veröffentlicht in:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States …Autoren:Nick Chater · Florencia Reali · Morten H ChristiansenZugehörigkeit: University College London · University of California Berkeley · Cornell …Über:Human brain · Linguistics · Gene · Hominidae · Baldwin effect · Specifi…

Conclusions: Genetic Biasing and Language Evolution

Moreover, this mechanism of genetic biases affecting (and possibly being affected, in turn, by) language can provide an explanation for the rise of certain seemingly universal properties of language in a gradual manner, through the interplay between genetic and cultural processes acting on different but related timescales.

Veröffentlicht in:Human Biology · 2011Autoren:Dan DediuZugehörigkeit: Max Planck SocietyÜber:Genetics · Language change · Language acquisition

Project MUSE – Are Languages Really Independent from …

Nevertheless, conceptual, mathematical and computational models—and, recently, experimental evidence from artificial languages and songbirds—have repeatedly shown that genetic biases affecting the acquisition or processing of aspects of language and speech can be amplified by population-level intergenerational cultural processes and …

Veröffentlicht in:Human Biology · 2011Autoren:Dan DediuZugehörigkeit: Max Planck SocietyÜber:Genetics · Language change · Language acquisition

Language and genetics | Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

A specific genetic predisposition, however, might influence the evolution of particular structural features of a language within a group of genetically similar individuals, for example whether the language is tonal or non-tonal.

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Language is not isolated from its wider …

Language is not isolated from its wider environment: Vocal tract influences on the evolution of speech and language Dan Dediua,b,*, Rick Janssena, Scott R. Moisika,c aLanguage and Genetics Department, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Wundtlaan 1, Nijmegen, The Netherlands b Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and …

Cultural Anthropology – Ferraro Flashcards | Quizlet

Language, according to the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, a. is responsible for all peoples of the world to perceive the world in the same way. b. causes all …

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Constraints, affordances, biases: the gentle influence …

Constraints, affordances, biases: the gentle influence of between-populations variation in vocal tract anatomy on sound change Dan Dediu1,*, Scott R. Moisik2,1 and Rick Janssen1 1 Language and Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands 2 Linguistics and Multilingual Studies, Nanyang …

The biological and cultural foundations of language

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Jan 30, 2009 · A key challenge for theories of language evolution is to explain why language is the way it is and how it came to be that way. It is clear that how we learn and use language is governed by genetic constraints.

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